Spotlight 04/24: Resisting Energy Transition? Understanding Roadblocks in Northern Colombia

by Martin Gubsch and Elena García Conejero | To the Publication

1 The term Alijuna means “outsider” and is still frequently used by the Wayuu to describe “the others”, including non-Wayuu Colombians.

2 Federación Colombiana de Transportadores de Carga por Carretera; available at: https://www.colfecar.org.co/wp-content/uploads/235_ELCONTAINER-nov-17.pdf.

3 12 percent of road blocks by 2 percent of the population; available at: https://laguajirahoy.com/opinion/columnista/el-bloqueo-de-la-guajira.html.

4 The bonanza marimbera describes a period between 1970 and 1985 of high economic growth as a result of drug trafficking gangs dedicated to marijuana cultivation and smuggling on the Colombian Caribbean coast.

5 https://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/aeropuerto-y-carreteras-las-obras-que-prometio-gustavo-petro-durante-su-visita-a-la-guajira/202332/.

6  Based on interviews conducted by Martin Gubsch as part of his research project; available at: https://www.prif.org/forschung/projekte/projekt/klimawandel-umweltbewegungen-und-transformationen-des-ruralen-raumes-in-kolumbien.