Spotlight 09/23: Failing in Control. Legislative weakness in the face of a strongman president in the Philippines

by Peter Kreuzer | To the Publication

Rose-Ackerman, Susan/Diane A. Desierto/Natalia Volosin 2011. Hyper-Presidentialism: Separation of Powers without Checks and Balances in Argentina and the Philippines. Berkeley Journal of International Law 29, 246–333.

2 McCoy, Alfred (ed.) 1994. An Anarchy of Families: State and the Family in the Philippines. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Center for Southeast Asian Studies.

3 On political families see Mendoza, Ronald/Leonardo Jaminola/Jurel Yap 2019. From Fat to Obese. Political Dynasties after the 2019 Midterm Elections. Ateneo School of Government Working Paper Series, Sept,

4 Yusingco, Michael Henry/Ronald Mendoza/Gabrielle Ann Mendoza/Jurel Yap 2023. A Philippine Strongman’s Legislative and Constitutional Reforms Legacy. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 42/1: pp. 63–89, quote p. 66. For a detailed analysis see: Holmes Ronald D. 2019. The Centrality of Pork Amidst Weak Institutions: Presidents and the Persistence of Particularism in Post-Marcos Philippines (1986–2016). PhD thesis, Australian National University.