Antarctic diplomacy has famously shielded the continent of peace, science, and environmental protection from outside conflict and war. This “exceptionalism” is now being tested by Russia’s war against Ukraine and the belief that international strategic competition between great powers is spilling over into the Antarctic. In order to keep the Antarctic exceptional, however, it would be wise to refocus on what has made Antarctic diplomacy so successful in the first place: cooperation in order to compete, or “co-opetition.”
Flamm, Patrick (2023): Is Antarctica Still Exceptional? The Case for “Co-opetition” at the South Pole, PRIF Spotlight 5/2023, Frankfurt/M.