Spotlight 12/23: Verbesserte Glaubwürdigkeit. Zur Bedeutung der F-35A für die nukleare Teilhabe

von Frank Kuhn | Zur Publikation

Michael Kofman und Anya Loukianova Fink, „Escalation Management and Nuclear Employment in Russian Military Strategy“, War on the Rocks, 23. Juni 2020,

2Andrea Kendall-Taylor u. a., „Assessing the Evolving Russian Nuclear Threat“, Transatlantic Security (Center for a New American Security, 31. Oktober 2023),

3 Hans M. Kristensen und Matt Korda, „United States Nuclear Weapons, 2023“, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 79, Nr. 1 (2. Januar 2023): 28–52,; Hans M. Kristensen u. a., „Nuclear weapons sharing, 2023“, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 79, Nr. 6 (2. November 2023): 393–406,

4 Auswärtiges Amt, Hrsg., Wehrhaft. Resilient. Nachhaltig. Integrierte Sicherheit für Deutschland. Nationale Sicherheitsstrategie., 2023, 31,

5 Karl-Heinz Kamp und Robertus C.N. Remkes, „Options for NATO Nuclear Sharing Arrangements“, in Reducing Nuclear Risks in Europe. A Framework for Action, hg. von Steve Andreasen und Isabelle Williams (Washington, D.C.: Nuclear Threat Initiative, 2011), 76–95,

6 Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Deutschen Bundestages, „Zu Fragen der Stationierung von taktischen Atomwaffen in Deutschland im Rahmen der nuklearen Teilhabe“, WD 2 - 3000 - 035/20, 29. April 2020,

7 Bonn International Centre for Conflict Studies u. a., Hrsg., Friedensgutachten 2022. Friedensfähig in Krisenzeiten, Friedensgutachten 2022 (Bielefeld: transcript, 2022), 104–5,

8 Gareth Jennings, „Germany opts for F-35, Eurofighter to fulfil future fighter requirements“, Janes, 15. März 2022,

9 Thomas Newdick, „Dutch F-35s Gain Nuclear Strike Mission ‘Initial Certification’“, The Drive, 10. November 2023,

10 Roger F. Kropf und Robert W. Blankert, „Precision Low-Yield Weapon Design (PLYWD). Joint DOD-DOE Phase 1 Study. Final Report (U)“ (Kirtland AFB: Nuclear Weapons Integration Division, 30. Dezember 1994),; Hans M. Kristensen, „The B61 Life-Extension Program: Increasing NATO Nuclear Capability and Precision Low-Yield Strikes“ (Federation of American Scientists, 2011),; Hans M. Kristensen, „B61-12: The New Guided Standoff Nuclear Bomb“ (Presentation to Side Event „The Future of the B61: Perspectives From the United States and Europe“, New York, NY, 2. Mai 2014),

11 Eliot A Cohen, „Gulf War Air Power Survey. Volume 2. Operations and Effects and Effectiveness“ (Washington, D.C.: John Hopkins University, School of Avanced International Studies, 1. Januar 1993),; David Deptula und Douglas Birkey, „Resolving America’s Defense Strategy-Resource Mismatch: The Case for Cost-Per-Effect Analysis“, Mitchell Institute Policy Paper Vol. 23 (Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies, Juli 2020),

12 Antonio Calcara u. a., „Why Drones Have Not Revolutionized War: The Enduring Hider-Finder Competition in Air Warfare“, International Security 46, Nr. 4 (1. April 2022): 130–71,; Carlo Kopp, „Evolving Technological Strategy in Advanced Air Defense Systems“, Joint Force Quarterly 2d Quarter 2010, Nr. 57 (April 2010): 86–93; Rachel Cohen, „The US Air Force Sent F-35s to Defend NATO. Here’s What It Learned.“, Air Force Times, 31. März 2023,; Justin Bronk, „Regenerating Warfighting Credibility for European NATO Air Forces“, Whitehall Report 1-23 (London: Royal United Services Institute, Februar 2023),; Tyler Rogoway, „Could The F-35 Become The Biggest Electronic Intelligence Collection System Ever Devised?“, The Drive, 6. Juli 2016,; Kris Osborn, „Sensor Fusion: The Secret Sauce That Makes the F-35 Revolutionary“, The National Interest (The Center for the National Interest, 1. September 2021),

13 Loren Thompson, „The F-35 Isn’t Just ‚Stealthy‘: Here’s How Its Electronic Warfare System Gives It An Edge“, Forbes, 13. Mai 2019,; Justin Bronk, „The F-35 Is a Work in Progress, but It Is Improving and Essential for UK Airpower“, RUSI Defence Systems, Volume 19, 17. Juli 2017,

14 Frank Kuhn, „Making Nuclear Sharing Credible Again: What the F-35A Means for NATO“, War on the Rocks, 14. September 2023,

15Tim Robinson, „Disperse and survive“, The AEROSPACE Insight, 5. Mai 2023,; Charles Q. Brown, Bradley D. Spacy, und Charles G. Glover III, „Untethered Operations. Rapid Mobility and Forward Basing Are Keys to Airpower’s Success in the Antiaccess/Area-Denial Environment“, Air & Space Power Journal 29, Nr. 3 (2015): 17–28; Robert D. Davies, „Forward Arming and Refueling Points for Fighter Aircraft. Power Projection in an Antiaccess Environment“, Air & Space Power Journal 28, Nr. 5 (2014): 5–28.

16 Joseph Trevithick, „F-35A Has Flown From A Highway For The First Time“, The Drive, 21. September 2023,

17 Isaiah Oppelaar, „Agile Combat Employment. The Next Big Thing for NATO Air Power“, Transforming Joint Air & Space Power: The Journal of the Joint Air Power Competence Centre (JAPCC), Nr. 36 (Oktober 2023): 54–59; Davies, „Forward Arming and Refueling Points for Fighter Aircraft. Power Projection in an Antiaccess Environment“.

18 Stephen Losey, „F-35 Program Finishes Years-Late Tests Needed for Full Production“, Defense News, 29. September 2023,

19 Bronk, „The F-35 Is a Work in Progress, but It Is Improving and Essential for UK Airpower“.

20William M. Arkin und Hans M. Kristensen, „US Deploys New Low-Yield Nuclear Submarine Warhead“, Federation Of American Scientists (blog), 29. Januar 2020,