Turning a blind eye? – The rescue of migrants in the Mediterranean | References

by Carolin Liss | To the Publication


1 Missing Migrants Project 6 February 2019

2 Missing Migrants Project 6 February 2019

3 UNHRC 2019, p.5.

4 Cusumano 2016:92, Steinhilper and Gruijters 2017

5 Spiegel 7 March 2019

6 Beirens 2018

7 Reynolds 2018

8 Kington 2018; UNHCR 2019: 5,7

9 Zandonini 2017; Cusumano 2017:92

10 Cusumano 2017:92-93; Zandonini 2017

11 Cusumano 2016:94-95; del Valle 2016: 30-33,38-39

12 Cusumano 2016:95

13 Addressing the criticism, Del Valle (2016: 32), Head of Advocacy and Operational Communications, MSF Amsterdam, made the following point: "[MSF] had enough experience to reject the myth that aid in itself is the primary factor triggering or generating displacement, and the situation in the Mediterranean was no different. Indeed, being active in most of the countries from which people were coming, MSF was aware of the powerful push factors behind the choice to migrate from war, persecution, or crippling misery." 

14 see for example: del Valle 2016: 30-33, 38-39, Jugend Rettet n.d.

15 Spiegel 2019, European Court of Human Rights 2019

16 Jugend Rettet, n.d

17 UNHCR 2019:9, 15

18 see, for example UNHRC 2019

19 UNHRC 2019, p.9



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