Spotlight 16/21: Civil War in Ethiopia. The Instrumentalization and Politicization of Identity | References

by Felix S. Bethke | To the Publication


2 The EPRDF defeated Mengistu’s forces with the help of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front, which achieved the secession of Eritrea.

3 The SEPDM represents multiple ethnic groups located in the Southern Nations regional state of Ethiopia.

4 Notable, in the crucial election for EPRDF chairman in March 2018, Demeke Mekonnen, the ANDM candidate, dropped out just hours before the opening of the polls and threw his support behind Abiy.

5 The current conflict is not limited to the dispute between the TPLF and the government, but involves other armed groups like the Oromo Liberation Army, which is also fighting against the government.




Further reading

Fisher, J., & Gebrewahd, M. T. (2019). ‘Game over’? Abiy Ahmed, the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front and Ethiopia’s political crisis. African Affairs, 118(470), 194206.

King, Elisabeth, and Cyrus Samii. Diversity, Violence, and Recognition: How recognizing ethnic identity promotes peace. Oxford University Press, 2020.

Roessler, P. (2016). Ethnic politics and state power in Africa: The logic of the coup-civil war trap. Cambridge University Press.