On Democracy and Security

Together with Matthew Evangelista of Cornell University, Harald Müller and Niklas Schörnig have edited a Routledge book

It has become generally accepted wisdom that democracies do not go to war against each other. However, there are significant differences between democratic states in terms of their approach to war and security policy in general.

This book, edited by Matthew Evangelista (Cornell University), Harald Müller (PRIF) und Niklas Schörnig (PRIF), brings together scholars from Cornell’s Peace Studies Program and the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt, Germany. It offers a broad examination of how democratic preferences and norms are relevant to security policy beyond the decision of whether to go to war. It therefore offers a fresh understanding of state behaviour in the security realm. The contributors discuss such issues as defence policy, air war, cluster bombs, non-lethal weapons, weapons of mass destruction, democratic and non-democratic nuclear weapon states’ transparency, and the political and ideological background of the ongoing ‘Revolution in Military Affairs’.


1. Harald Müller and Matthew Evangelista: Introduction

2. Niklas Schörnig: Casualty Aversion in Democratic Security Provision: Procurement and the Defense Industrial Base

3. Jürgen Altmann and Judith Reppy: Non-Lethal Weapons: Democratic Necessity or Business as Usual?

4. Stephen Watts: Air War and Restraint: The Role of Public Opinion and Democracy

5. Margarita H. Petrova: Curbing the Use of Indiscriminate Weapons: NGO Advocacy in Militant Democracies

6. Harald Müller and Una Becker: Technology, Nuclear Arms Control, and Democracy: Reflections in the Light of Democratic Peace Theory

7. Olivier Minkwitz: Strained Relationships: The Revolution in Military Affairs, Democracy and Arms Control

8. Annette Schaper and Harald Müller: Torn Apart: Nuclear Secrecy and Openness in Democratic Nuclear Weapon States

9. Matthew Evangelista and Judith Reppy: Much Ado About Democracy: Some Skeptical Observations on Democracies and War

10. Harald Müller and Niklas Schörnig: Security Studies' Cinderella? Why Democratic Peace Theory Should be Invited to the King's Ball