The Monroe Doctrine: History, Interpretations, Legacy

International Conference organized by TraCe

This year marks the bi­centenary of James Monroe’s pronounce­ment of the famous speech, which has been invoked to outline U.S. expan­sionist designs, spheres of influence and the principle of non-intervention. This inter­national conference will explore the develop­ment, tensions and contra­dictions of the doctrine over­time across three main themes: 1) the historical back­ground of the Monroe Doctrine in a trans­national perspective; 2) the rearrange­ment and new interpretation of the Doctrine in the 1940s, and 3) the con­temporary legacies of the Monroe Doctrine. Speakers, whose expertise ranges from history to political theory to law, will discuss these topics across six panels and three key­note speeches.


  • Thursday, November 30, 5 – 7.30 p.m.
  • Friday, December 1, 8 a.m. – 8.30 p.m.
  • Saturday, December 2, 9.30 a.m. – 5.15 p.m.

Where: Goethe University, Campus Westend, Normative Orders building, Max-Horkheimer-Straße 2, 60323 Frankfurt am Main, Germany and online

To receive a Zoom link for the event, please contact the orga­nizers at monroeconference @gmail .com. To regis­ter as an in-person attendee, please email your name, affili­ation and a short des­cription of your reasons to attend. They will get back to you as soon as possible.

The inter­national con­ference is con­vened by Raphaël Cahen, León Castellanos-Jankiewicz and Hendrik Simon. It is organized by TraCe at Justus Liebig Uni­versity Giessen, with the support of the Asser Institute in The Hague and the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt.


Thursday, 30 November

5 – 6.30 p.m. Keynote 1

  • Liliana Obregón (Univer­sidad de Los Andes, Colombia), ‘The Monroe Doctrine´s First Cen­tennial (1823-1923) in the Americas’

  • Chair: Raphaël Cahen

6.30 – 7.30 p.m. Drinks reception

Friday, 1 December

8 – 9 a.m  Coffee and registration

9 – 9.15 a.m. Opening remarks

9.15 – 11.15 a.m. Panel 1: Tracing the Ori­gins of the Monroe Doctrine: From Ideology to Diplo­macy

  • Chair: Raphaël Cahen

  • Sandra Rebok (University of Cali­fornia San Diego/Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies), ‘Ame­rica has a hemis­phere to itself: The Jeffer­sonian origins of the Monroe Doctrine’

  • Benno Teschke and Jack Edwards (University of Sussex), ‘IR, Geo­political Marxism and the Making of the Monroe Doctrine: A Histo­rical Socio­logy of Early 19th Century Intern­ational Politics’

  • Horst Carl (JLU Gießen, Geschichte der Frühen Neuzeit), ‘The Monroe Doc­trine and the problem of national debts in the 1820s’

11.15 – 11.30 a.m. Coffee break

11.30 a.m. – 1 p.m. Panel 2: The Americas and the Principle of Non-Intervention

  • Chair: León Castellanos-Jankiewicz
  • Mariano Schlez (Univer­sidad Nacional del Sur, Bahía Blanca), ‘La Misión Norte­americana a América del Sur: Diplo­macia, Inteligencia e Intereses Sociales en la Confor­mación de la Doctrina Monroe, 1817-1822’
  • Tania Atilano (University of Zurich), ‘The absence of the Monroe Doctrine during the French Inter­vention in Mexico (1862-1867)’
  • Arnulf Becker-Lorca (EUI, Florence), ‘Legal Geo­politics: the Monroe Doctrine’s Rise, Fall and Multiple Meanings’

1 – 2.30 p.m. Lunch

2.30 – 4 p.m. Panel 3: Monroe Doctrine at the Turn of the Century

  • Chair: Arnulf Becker-Lorca (EUI, Florence)
  • Edward Jones Corredera (Max Planck Institute for Com­parative Public Law and Inter­national Law, Heidelberg), ‘Is political economy incom­patible with intern­ational law? Monröismo & the Drago Doctrine’
  • Christopher Rossi (The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø), ‘Line of Amity, Line of Enmity, Large Policy Men, and the American Groß­raum’
  • Miloš Vec (University of Vienna), ‘Recep­tion of the Monroe Doctrine within Europe in the late 19th Century’

4 – 4.15 p.m. Coffee break

4:15 – 5:45 p.m. Panel 4: Monroe Doctrine between Liberalism and Realism

  • Chair: Beate Jahn (University of Sussex)
  • Matthew Specter (University of California Berkley), ‘Elas­ticity and Necessity: The Monroe Doctrine as Leit­motif in Alfred Mahan's Geo­politics and Modern Realist Tradition’
  • Jochen von Bernstorff (University of Tübingen), ‘Carl Schmitt on Impe­rialism, International Law and the Großraum
  • Peter Langford (Edge Hill University, Lancanshire), ‘The implicit Critique of the Monroe Doctrine: Hans Kelsen’s Inter­war Theory of International Law ’

6 – 8.30 p.m.Conference dinner

Keynote 2:

  • Andrei Mamolea (Boston University), ‘The Latin Ame­rican Challenge to the Monroe Doctrine: New Insights from the Archives
  • Chair: León Castellanos-Jankiewicz

Saturday, 2 December

9:30 – 10 a.m. Coffee

10 – 12 a.m.Panel 5: Monroe Doctrine and the Transformation of Political Violence

  • Chair:Hanna Pfeifer (Goethe University, Frankfurt)
  • Christopher Daase and Hendrik Simon (PRIF), ‘On Sanctions Wars – A Gene­alogy of the Decen­tralized Military Enforce­ment of International Norms from the Monroe Doctrine to the Present’
  • Thilo Marauhn (JLU Gießen/University of Amsterdam) ‘Current Under­standings of “Sovereign Equality” (Article 2 (1) UN Charter) and non-inter­vention in light of the Monroe Doctrine’
  • Lothar Brock (PRIF), ‘Latin American Active Non­alignment as a Late Response to the Monroe Doctrine’

12 – 1.30 p.m.Lunch

1.30 – 3 p.m.Panel 6: From the Roosevelt Corollary to the Mid-Century

  • Chair: Sergio Puig (EUI, Florence)
  • Ruti Teitel (NYU), ‘Roose­velt's Corollary: Wielding Exe­cutive Power for Political and Legal Transfor­mation in the Americas’
  • Elena Diaz Galan (Universi­dad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid) and Harold Bertot Triana (UNIE Universidad, Madrid), ‘The Monroe Doctrine and the Principle of Non-Inter­vention: The Role of Cuba and the 1933 Monte­video Convention on the Rights and Duties of States’
  • Daniel Quiroga-Villamarín (Geneva Graduate Institute), ‘The Americas and the UN: Reimagining “Good neighbor­liness” for a Global Era (1939-1973)’

3 – 3.30 p.m. Coffee break

3.30 – 5 p.m. Keynote 3

  • Juan Pablo Scarfi (Univer­sidad Católica de Chile, Santiago), ‘The Monroe Doctrine: Towards A New Historio­graphy’
  • Chair: Hendrik Simon

5 p.m. – 5.15 p.m. Concluding Remarks

You can download the full program here.